One Answer

  1. Perhaps in all but the Abrahamic ones. In Buddhism, there is no hell, but there is Nirvana (which is not really heaven, even). In pagan cults, there is no heaven or hell as such. Hades of the Greeks is simply a haven of the dead, with no division into positive or negative forms. The Nine worlds of the Scandinavians are exactly the same. Valhalla is perceived there as a paradise for warriors (it turns out that for other people “not warriors” it is not a paradise at all). The afterlife of the Celts, in addition to reincarnation, involves living in an otherworldly “parallel” world, again without dividing into good and bad. Just different.

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