- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
Natural Theory –
any person is a micro-state,
any group / pack is a mini-state,
any large association of people is a standard state.
What kind of theory is this? In general, we can trace all the developments of statehood in the history of mankind.
you may not know exactly when it was the first time, but it is not difficult to see in the same historical documents how the tribal system turns into a state.
In practice, of course, this is “irrigation” as a mass labor that needed to be organized.
And as a “theory and idea”, this is the development of the division of labor, the development of qualifications, and the emergence of managers – organizers – managers.
When it became profitable for each member of the clan-tribe to engage in their own” type ” of professional activity, those who are more qualified appeared. When it became possible for a tribe to maintain a Chieftain and warriors to protect itself from neighboring tribes, class stratification began.
When professional managers became a necessity, and their “leader-power” official powers became the only way to organize the work of large masses of people, the formation of State Power, i.e., the State, began.
When computerization leads to the uselessness of “powerful official powers” to perform standardized state functions (state services), the state will begin to disappear.
Robots work hard, people are happy ))
I like the irrigation theory (to. Wittfogel) and the Marxist theory of the origin of the state (K. Marx, F. Engels, Yu. Semenov). If you combine them, then in fact you get the following. The first States arose as a result of the following reasons::
No. 1. The disintegration of the tribal system and the formation of a pre-class society, which gradually led to the formation of classes as a result of the accumulation of excess resources (mainly in the form of land, grain reserves and food products) in the hands of privileged strata. This resource had to be protected from the poor, hence the need for a state.
№2. Changes in the natural environment led to the fact that the most favorable soils for agriculture were concentrated in the basins of large rivers (Yellow River and Yangtze, Tigris and Euphrates, Nile, Ganges, etc.). It was there that the most developed agricultural tribes came. But there was a problem. First, there was little fertile land and conflicts arose. Second, river flooding threatened agricultural activity. To eliminate the first, the tribes were united in tribal unions. In order to eliminate the latter , a new organization of societies was necessary. irrigation works were needed, and this inevitably raised the question of mass forced labor and the growth of the number of societies. It wasn't enough to have hundreds of people, it needed tens of thousands. And the tribal unions were transformed into states with centralized power, where former tribal leaders became provincial dignitaries, former tribal leaders and their advisers became high priests and aristocracy , and one of them, the most agile and richest, became a monarch (despot). Naturally (see reason #1) tribal leaders and tribal unions, as well as their close associates, represented the very layers of society interested in institutionalizing inequality, but they were able to achieve mass obedience only when the masses themselves realized the need to unite into states for survival.
As a result, the state is a dual socio-political institution that simultaneously serves the goals of progress (increasing the level of organizational unity of societies, promoting order and greater development of the social structure), and is an apparatus of class oppression and violence in the hands of the ruling class.
Something like that.