One Answer

  1. “What is the whole of modern philosophy but an extended commentary on Plato?” (A. Whitehead) beginning with Aristotle…�

    Neither Plato nor Aristotle “laid the foundations of further European philosophy” with any of their writings – they did not consider themselves in such a pretentious European perspective, there was no Europe yet. And with them (thanks to the Arabs) Europe has become! Therefore, there is not a single one of their works that is impossible to discern in one form or another (directly or indirectly, in an apologetic or critical mode, at the level of themes and/or ideas, principles and/or methods, terminology and/or symbolism) in the multi-volume multi-volume of modern philosophy. Representatives of a particular branch of philosophical knowledge, or adherents of a particular direction of philosophy, can call their must have the fundamental texts of the classics and will be right in the context of their disciplinary attachments.�

    However, answering the question about the” works ” literally, I will say that the works of Plato and Aristotle, which laid the foundations of European philosophy and, more broadly, European culture, should not be found in library catalogues and bibliographic reviews. These works are not books, but work (embodied in books as well) on the creation and implementation of two main forms (methods, styles) of thinking, cognition, reasoning, as well as on the creation and development of unprecedented institutional forms of transmission of these forms from generation to generation. The former are known as dialectical and analytical methods of cognition (and from this point of view, Plato and Aristotle can be called the “founders of discursivity” after M. Foucault), the latter as the Academy and Lyceum-historically the original forms of the school as a universal cultural institution.

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