- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
But is it accurate? Around the same time, Buddhism flourished in India, Jewish prophets gave light to Jewish kings, the Tao te Ching triumphantly marched through China, druids communicated with the gods in Europe, and shamans traveled to all three worlds in Siberia and pulled people out of the dead by the scruff of the neck. The Greeks simply wrote more, and more has been preserved. But this does not mean that they were somehow more developed spiritually, or even intellectually, than their contemporaries around the world.
The Greeks were more likely to be free, were not afraid to learn about the world around them and talk about society, and were practically not constrained by social norms (recall the stories from the life of the same Diogenes or about the attitude of the Greeks to sexual relations). It was Greek culture that began to attract the elites of the Roman Empire, exerting not only a beneficial, but also a corrupting influence, for example, in the form of hedonism. In general, it was moral freedom, but as for achievements in science and philosophy, then this feature of Greek society definitely went to their advantage.
I will add that when people talk about the high cultural level of people in the XIX century or in antiquity, we must understand that we perceive those times through the eyes of literate, educated people, even rather outstanding for their time, who communicated in the appropriate circles and described life based on their experience. Now, if the slaves or poor citizens (and there were a majority of them) of ancient Greece had passed on their life experiences to us, in the form of dialogues or their thoughts and desires, it would most likely have become clear that this society was not ideal in spiritual terms. In fact, in modern Russia, I am sure, there are circles of communication in which some people in terms of intellectual and moral development are in no way inferior to Aristotle and Pythagoras, Dostoevsky and Tolstoy. You won't see them in the comments of Lentach, TQ, MDK, etc. They are simply very few statistically and have always been so. “Workers and Peasants” was published all over the world with the advent of the Internet and with the actual establishment of the principle of legal equality, and therefore it seems that the people around them are degrading, but in reality this is not so.
Because Classical Greece had optimal climatic and geographical conditions in order to develop. In addition, the Greeks formed a tradition of the most accessible (at that time) education, which allowed not only to preserve sacred knowledge on clay tiles somewhere in the wilds of temples, but also to accumulate, codify and apply technical information in practice. So when Spirituality ™ faced a phalanx of armored cataphracts and Greek fire, the result was not in favor of spirituality.
And the Greeks also said a lot of clever things that later turned out to be useful for the nascent Christianity. In particular, from the works of Plato and Aristotle comes about 75-80 percent of the Christian materiel.